In Dublirer v 2000 Linwood Avenue Owners, Inc the New Jersey Supreme Court considered the issue of whether or not an owner in a cooperative had a right to distribute campaign materials in seeking election to the co-op’s board of directors. The Co-Op had a house rule that barred soliciting and distributing any written materials and the Co-Op denied Mr. Dublirer’s request to distribute campaign materials. Mr. Dublirer challenged the Co-Op’s rule as unconstitutional and claimed that it violated his free speech rights under the New Jersey Constitution. The provision of the New Jersey Constitution at issue provides as follows: “Every person may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press.” N.J. Const. Art I, Section 6. On December 4, 2014, the New Jersey Supreme Court held that while federal law requires state action to invoke the protections of the First Amendment, the New Jersey Constitution did not. In ruling that Dublirer had right to distribute his campaign materials under the New Jersey Constitution, the Court indicated that the New Jersey Constitution protects against unreasonable or oppressive conduct by private entities, in addition to government entities.
Article I, Section 5 of the Michigan Constitution provides as follows: “Every person may freely speak, write, express and publish his views on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of such right; and no law shall be enacted to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press.” The language of Article I, Section 5 of the Michigan Constitution is almost identical to that of Article I, Section 6 of the New Jersey Constitution. However, the Michigan Courts have previously ruled that “the federal and the Michigan constitutional provisions guaranteeing free speech do not extend to private conduct, but have been limited to protection against state action.” Prysak v RL Polk Co, 193 Mich App 1, 10, 483 NW2d 629, 634 (1992). Accordingly, it is unlikely that a Michigan Court would disallow a community association from regulating the use of campaign materials on constitutional grounds as community associations are private actors.
Kevin Hirzel is a partner at Cummings, McClorey, Davis & Acho, P.L.C. He frequently represents Builders, Community Associations, Condominium Associations, Cooperatives, Co-Owners, Developers, Homeowner Associations, Investors, Property Owners and Property Managers throughout the State of Michigan. Mr. Hirzel can be contacted at (734) 261-2400 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Please view http://www.cmda-law.com or http://www.micondolaw.comfor additional resources on Michigan Community Association Law.